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Saturday, November 21, 2020 | History

3 edition of Tropical lowland peatlands of Southeast Asia found in the catalog.

Tropical lowland peatlands of Southeast Asia

Workshop on Integrated Planning and Management of Tropical Lowland Peatlands (1992 Cisarua, Bogor, Indonesia)

Tropical lowland peatlands of Southeast Asia

proceedings of a Workshop on Integrated Planning and Management of Tropical Lowland Peatlands held at Cisarua, Indonesia, 3-8 July 1992

by Workshop on Integrated Planning and Management of Tropical Lowland Peatlands (1992 Cisarua, Bogor, Indonesia)

  • 319 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by IUCN in Gland, Switzerland .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Tropics
    • Subjects:
    • Peatland forestry -- Tropics -- Congresses.,
    • Peatlands -- Tropics -- Congresses.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementeditors, E. Maltby, C.P. Immirzi, and R.J. Safford.
      ContributionsMaltby, Edward., Immirzi, C. P., Safford, R. J., International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources., IUCN Wetlands Programme.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsSD410.7 .W67 1992
      The Physical Object
      Paginationix, 293 p. :
      Number of Pages293
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL628462M
      ISBN 102831703107
      LC Control Number96229177


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Tropical lowland peatlands of Southeast Asia by Workshop on Integrated Planning and Management of Tropical Lowland Peatlands (1992 Cisarua, Bogor, Indonesia) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Lowland tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia (S.E. Page, J.O. Rieley, R Wüst) Introduction History, location and extent of lowland tropical peatlands in Southeast Asia Structure and hydrology of lowland tropical peatlands Classification and genesis Coastal peatlands Basin or valley peatlands High, interior, or watershed peatlands Physical and Price: $   Tropical lowland peatlands of Southeast Asia: proceedings of a Workshop on Integrated Planning and Management of Tropical Lowland Peatlands held at Cisarua, Indonesia, July Author: Edward Maltby ; C P Immirzi ; R J Safford ; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

Until the lowland tropical peatlands of Southeast Asia were still relatively undisturbed and in near pristine condition (Hooijer et al,). In the area of industrial plantation on tropical peatland in Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo and Sumatra was only 4% (, hectares) of today’s area of Mha.

In the humid tropics, however, regional environmental and topographic conditions have enabled peat to form under a high-precipitation, high-temperature regime (Andriesse, ) and, as a consequence, extensive peatlands occur in southeast Asia, mainland east Asia, the Tropical lowland peatlands of Southeast Asia book and Central America, South America and southern by: Studies of restoration ecology are well established for northern peatlands, but at an early stage for tropical peatlands.

Extensive peatland areas in Southeast Asia have been degraded through deforestation, drainage and fire, leading to on- and. Extensive tropical peatlands are located in the Malaysian and Indonesian lowlands, particularly in Borneo, Sumatra, West Papua, and Peninsular Malaysia.

In an undisturbed condition, these peatlands make a significant contribution to terrestrial carbon storage, both in terms of their aboveground biomass (peat swamp forest) and thick deposits of peat. The peat deposits of Southeast Asia lie within the inter-tropical convergence zone that experiences a wet tropical climate with annual rainfall generally in excess of mm.

Seasonality of rainfall is not usually marked, but there may be either a long, wet season of 9–10 months alternating with a shorter dry season of two- or three-months duration, or two monsoon seasons Cited by: Tropical peatlands cover a global area of million hectares, with 56% Tropical lowland peatlands of Southeast Asia book these occurring in Southeast Asia, storing 69 billion tonnes of carbon (Miettinen et al., ; Page and Rieley, ).

Tropical peatlands represent 11% of land in Indonesia and store up to 20 times more carbon than non-peat mineral soils. More thankm 2 of forest and peatlands were destroyed, releasing Tt CO 2 e and creating a toxic haze that spread over Southeast Asia.

These fires were not an isolated event: 27% of Indonesia’s greenhouse gas emissions come from peat fires, with an average of km 2 of peatland destroyed every year since the s.

16 - The tropical peat swamps of Southeast Asia: By Susan Page, Aljosja Hooijer, Jack Rieley, Chris Banks, Agata Hoscilo. Edited by David Gower, Natural History Museum, London, Kenneth Johnson, Natural History Museum, London, James Richardson, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Brian Rosen, Natural History Museum, London, Lukas Rüber, Suzanne Williams, Natural History Museum.

Tropical peatlands have a global area of aroundkm 2 (Page et al. ) and reach their greatest extent in Southeast Asia, where there arekm 2, representing 56 % of the total global tropical peatland resource.

Within the Southeast Asian region, Indonesia has the largest peatland extent (, km 2), followed by Malaysia (26, km 2) and Papua New Guinea (11. This book is an excellent resource for scientists, political decision makers, and students interested in the impact of peatlands on climate change and ecosystem function, containing a plethora of recent research results such as monitoring-sensing-modeling for carbon–water flux/storage, biodiversity, and peatland management in tropical s: 1.

Tropical Lowland Peatlands with special ref ere nee to Southeast Asia The text of this book is prinled on Fineb/ode Cartridge 90gsm low-chlorine paper Digitized by Google. those involved in the production of Tropical Lowland Peat/ands of Southeast Asia and also those who participated in the Global Mire and Peatland Conservation.

Peatlands and climate change. Peatlands are a type of wetlands which are among the most valuable ecosystems on Earth: they are critical for preserving global biodiversity, provide safe drinking water, minimise flood risk and help address climate change.

Peatlands are the largest natural terrestrial carbon store; the area covered by near natural peatland worldwide (>3 million km 2) sequesters.

Abstract. Insular Southeast Asia experienced the highest level of deforestation among all humid tropical regions of the world during the s. Owing to the exceptionally high biodiversity in Southeast Asian forest ecosystems and the immense amount of carbon stored in forested peatlands, deforestation in this region has the potential to cause serious global consequences.

Greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical peatlands in south-east Asia JOHN COUWENBERG, RENE´ D O M M A I N and H A N S J O O S T E N Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, University of Greifswald, Grimmer Stra e 88, D Greifswald, Germany Abstract The lowland peatlands of south-east Asia represent an immense reservoir of fossil.

Lowland peatlands in Southeast Asia cover Million hectares (Mha), which is 56% of the tropical and 6% of the global peatland area (Page et al. Their high peat carbon density, however, gives rise to the large regional peat carbon store of Gt, equivalent to 77% of the tropical and 11–14% of the global peat carbon store (Page.

Studies of restoration ecology are well established for northern peatlands, but at an early stage for tropical peatlands. Extensive peatland areas in Southeast Asia have been degraded through deforestation, drainage and fire, leading to on- and off-site environmental and socio-economic impacts of local to global significance.

This book is an excellent resource for scientists, political decision makers, and students interested in the impact of peatlands on climate change and ecosystem function, containing a plethora of recent research results such as monitoring-sensing-modeling for carbon–water flux/storage, biodiversity and peatland management in tropical regions.

mated to come from undisturbed tropical wetlands (Melton etal., ). Of the total area of wetlands in the tropics (km2), peatlands represent 32%, located mainly in the lowland humid forests of Southeast Asia, Amazonia, Central America and equatorial Africa (Page etal., ; Sj€ogersten etal.

Tropical peatlands are recognized as a significant sink of carbon dioxide and an important source of methane. Low latitude peatlands contain an estimated pool of 90 Pg C, of which ca.

70 Pg C is stored in Southeast Asian peatlands. However, the Holocene development of this carbon reservoir is poorly established. Here we provide a synthesis of carbon uptake rates by tropical peatlands in. It is estimated that more than 23 million hectares (62 %) of the total global tropical peatland area are located in Southeast Asia, in lowland or coastal areas of East Sumatra, Kalimantan, West Papua, Papua New Guinea, Brunei, Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak and Southeast Thailand.

Tropical peatland has a vital carbon–water storage. Tropical peatland is the most biodiverse of peatland environments, yet also amongst the most threatened (Page et al. YuleTuretsky et al.

This is particularly true in Southeast Asia, where large peat deposits (Page et al. ) have formed beneath rich tropical rainforests. These forests. Peat swamp forest in Kalimantan About 62% of the world’s tropical peat lands occur in southeast Asia.

In this area 80% is in Indonesia, 11% in Malaysia, 6% in Papua New Guinea, with pockets in Brunei, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Thailand. They have trees up to 70 m high.

The distribution of peatlands globally follows that of wetlands generally. The largest known concentrations of peatland are found in Canada and Alaska, Northern Europe and Western Siberia, Southeast Asia, and parts of the Amazon basin, where more than 10% of the land area is covered with peatlands.

For southeast Asia, which contains 77% of tropical peat (Page et al., ), three classesof peatlands have been suggested: coastal peatlands, basin or valley peatlands, andthehigh-elevation peatlands (Rieleyetal.,;Pageetal.,).Thesedivisionsare basedonpeatlandlocation,formational pathway, and age of peat deposits (Page et al., ).

Tropical peatlands are a major, but understudied, biophysical feedback factor on the atmospheric greenhouse effect. The largest expanses of tropical peatlands are located in lowland areas of Southeast Asia and the Amazon basin.

The Loreto Region of Amazonian Peru contains ~63, km2 of peatlands. However, little is known about the biogeochemistry of these peatlands, and in particular. In Southeast Asia, peatlands have been drained for conversion to plantations (for palm oil and paper pulp); in Europe and North America, lowland peatlands have been drained for vegetables, cereals and livestock pastures (Fig.

Areas of tropical peat are found mostly in South East Asia (about 70% by area) although are also found in Africa, Central and South America and elsewhere around the Pacific Ocean. Tropical peatlands are significant carbon sinks and store large amounts of carbon and their destruction can significantly impact on the amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Tropical peatlands are vulnerable to destabilisation. In tropical lowlands, peatlands are commonly reported from Southeast Asia, and especially Indonesian tropical peatlands are known as considerable C sinks and sources.

In contrast, Amazonia has been clearly understudied in this context. In this study, based on field observations from 17 wetland sites in Peruvian lowland Amazonia, we report 0–5.

Vegetation and climate in lowland southeast Asia at the Last Glacial Maximum January In book: Faunal and floral migrations and evolution in SE Asia–Australasia (pp).

also provide an undisturbed analog for the heavily disturbed peatlands of Southeast Asia. Considering the factors threatening the Amazonian lowlands, there is an urgent need to investigate and conserve these peatland ecosystems, which may in the near future be among the very few undisturbed tropical ombrotrophic bogs remaining in the world.

Tropical Peatland Ecosystems - Kindle edition by Osaki, Mitsuru, Tsuji, Nobuyuki. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Tropical Peatland Ecosystems. In Southeast Asia land use change associated with forest loss and degradation is a major source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

This is of particular concern where deforestation occurs on peat soils. A business-as-usual (BAU) land change model was developed using Dinamica EGO© for a REDD+ Demonstration Activity area in south-east Jambi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia containing Berbak.

In recent years, nature-based solutions have been recognized to provide cost-effective, climate mitigation, with the potential to stabilize global warming to below 2°C by However, with the intensification of dry seasons and wildfires, countries with tropical peatlands in Southeast Asia can learn from examples in the Netherlands to address negative climate impacts and preserve biodiversity.

Fire Ecology of Tropical Ecosystems gives an extensive explanation of historic and current fire situations in the tropics, describing the fire ecology of tropical ecosystems from around the globe. Eighteen groups of leading researchers explain the many different aspects and roles of fire in tropical ecosystems.

Regional chapters address a set of common subjects including the causes of fire 5/5(1). Location and description. Peat swamp forests occur where waterlogged soils prevent dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing, which over time creates thick layer of acidic peat swamp forests on Borneo occur in the Indonesian state of Kalimantan, the Malaysian state of Sarawak and in the Belait District of Brunei on coastal lowlands, built up behind the brackish mangrove forests and.

The lowland peatlands of south-east Asia represent an immense reservoir of fossil carbon and are reportedly responsible for 30% of the global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry.

This paper provides a review and meta-analysis of available literature on greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical peat soils in south-east Asia. Studies of restoration ecology are well established for northern peatlands, but at an early stage for tropical peatlands.

Extensive peatland areas in Southeast Asia have been degraded through deforestation, drainage and fire, leading to on- and off-site environmental and socio-economic impacts of local to global significance.

To address these problems, landscape-scale. In Southeast Asia, river outgassing quantities are uncertain due to lack of measured data.

Here we investigate six rivers in Indonesia and Malaysia, during five expeditions. CO 2 fluxes from Southeast Asian rivers amount to ± Tg C per year, of which Indonesia releases ± Tg C per year. Malaysian rivers emit ± Tg C per year. About Mha of tropical peatlands ~11% of the total peatland area; volume is ~18 % (Page et al.

). About 25 Mha (56%) of tropical peatlands occur in SE Asia. Indonesia contains around 47% (Page et al. ). TRUE EXTENT? Posa et al. () Southeast Asia: The global center of tropical peatlands Miettinen et al.

1. Introduction [2] Despite covering only about % of the Earth's land surface, tropical peatlands contain around 3% of the global soil carbon (C) stocks and at least 20% of global peat C [Page et al., ; Page and Banks, ].The largest area of tropical peatlands occurs in Southeast Asia, where they are found in Indonesia (predominantly Sumatra, Kalimantan and West Papua).

Forested tropical peatlands in Southeast Asia store at least 42 Million metric tonnes (Mt) of soil carbon. Human activity and climate change threatens the stability of this large pool, which has been decreasing rapidly over the last few decades owing to deforestation, drainage and fire.

In this paper we estimate the carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions resulting from drainage of lowland.